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Final report RSE 17001249

Project SMART CITIES: Smart cities and smart communities. Synthesis Report of 2016

The report summarizes RSE research on energy efficiency in smart cities and smart territories. In particular, the studies focus on the application of the Smartainability® methodology (the original methodology developed by RSE for ex-ante evaluations of smart city efficiency policies) and the efficiency of the Integrated Water System.

The Project aims to promote the dissemination of energy efficiency in the harmonious development of the territories, in view of a smart management of energy by urban communities.

It is a cross-cutting theme, relating to many other research topics, but it acquires a strong strategic value because it both provides a system vision, and promotes technological innovations, services and new business models. The research activities carried out by RSE are focused on issues relating to energy infrastructure and the interactions among them in an integrated management. RSE has been studying methods and tools for the integrated development of public utility infrastructure in the urban context, with particular reference to electricity and heat infrastructures. RSE wants to contribute to the removal of barriers to the development of local development policies, in order to achieve the growth targets set by the international and national standards, with less use of fossil fuels and the maximum efficiency in the use of resources. Energy efficiency is, in fact, according to EU guidelines, for the next decades, inextricably linked to energy policy issues at international and national level, as confirmed by the European Directive 2012/27 on energy efficiency. The Directive expresses clearly the path for implementing the Union's energy objectives in the energy efficiency mark: the same legislation suggests that member states also work to overcome the barriers that hinder the achievement of these objectives.

This document provides, in summary form, the results of research on the topic of energy efficiency in smart cities and smart communities conducted by RSE in the reference period of the Annual Plan (PAR) 2016. The project is divided in two main lines of action.

The first is devoted to support the ex-ante evaluation of technology development policies aimed at making a territory smart, allowing a quantitative assessment and a ranking among the proposed solutions. The report describes the activities carried out during the reference period of PAR 2016, which is focused on a preliminary application of the methodology to an urban district of Milan.

The second research line identified by RSE for the reference period proposes the study, research and analysis of the achievable efficiency in integrated water systems, seeking to identify useful performance indicators in support of managing bodies and institutions to support efficiency in this sector. The PAR 2016 benchmark study was carried out with the support and close relationship of utilities, involving design schemes for target sharing and the identification of efficient solutions.

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