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Article RSE 15006856

Offshore wind energy sector has not yet started in Italy. RSE gathered the operators view.

Article

Quotidiano Energia , vol. 11 N. 99, pp. 8-9, Maggio-2015.

Request Document (959.19 KB, .pdf)

L. Serri (RSE SpA) , E. Lembo (RSE SpA), C. Vannini (RSE SpA)

SMART-DSYS 2015 - Development and management of distribution networks

To date there are no offshore wind farm already installed in Italian waters. Some of the above mentioned projects were definitely rejected, some are still waiting for the end of a lengthy and complicated authorization process and only one near shore wind farm (Port of Taranto) participated in the auctions set for accessing incentives in the period 2013-2015. In order to investigate the causes of this apparent decrease of interest in the sector, to better assess the scenarios outlined by the National Energy Strategy and to understand what would be the involvement of Italian companies in the development of this specific sector, RSE designed and implemented an e-questionnaire.

The European Commission has recently Published the "Blue Economy" and "Blue Growth" strategies. Among the five areas of activity identified by the latter one, there is the offshore renewable energy sector, including offshore wind installations that represent the industry's most technologically advanced. Most of the offshore wind farms currently in operation is located in the North Sea where high winds and shallow waters are present. Italian marine areas are generally characterized by deep water and wind lower, however, has been estimated by an RSE a non-negligible offshore wind energy potential (around 10 GW), which probably will be deployed in medium / long term scenarios (2020-2030).

Italy has only one multi-megawatt wind turbine manufacturer with no models for the off -shore application. However Italy developed knowledge, experience and infrastructure concerning design, construction and installation for offshore Oil & Gas industry. For this reason, a number of offshore wind farm projects have been presented during the last decade, and, in any case, before the aggravation of the economic crisis. Moreover, in the same period, the first demonstration of a floating wind turbine took place in Italy. To date there are no offshore wind farm already installed in Italian waters. Some of the above mentioned projects were definitely rejected, some are still waiting for the end of a lengthy and complicated authorization process and only one near shore wind farm (Port of Taranto) participated in the auctions set for accessing incentives in the period 2013-2015.

In order to investigate the causes of this apparent decrease of interest in the sector, to better assess the scenarios outlined by the National Energy Strategy and to understand what would be the involvement of Italian companies in the development of this specific sector, RSE designed and implemented an e-questionnaire. The questionnaire has been designed primarily for the industrial sector and has been sent. to 90 selected and forwarded recipients, chosen among the 450 operators in offshore field. 42 responses have been recorded. The 70% of the responders comes from companies involved in the field. An articulated analysis has been performed on the answers, in particular regarding the perception of the main issues affecting the sector developing.

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