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Project EFFICIENZA 2014

Electricity savings in the fields of civil, industry and services

Power System Research

2014-2014

Cristina Cavicchioli

The report summarizes the actions taken in the field of energy efficiency, to support institutional bodies, together with the results of the research on technologies to improvements in the same field, proposals for different sectors. Studies were also targeted, as required by European legislation and national energy policies, including the removal of barriers that hinder the full development.

The project is designed to promote the dissemination of energy efficiency and contribute to the removalof barriers that hinder its development. This route is designed in order to achieve the targets set by theinternational and national standards. According to EU guidelines, for the next decades the issue ofenergy efficiency is inextricably linked to energy and environmental policy, as confirmed by thestructure of the European Directive 2012/27 on energy efficiency, which integrates Directive 2010/31 onthe energy performance in buildings, that clearly expresses how the modalities of implementation ofthese matters will be in the sign of energy efficiency. The same legislation advises the member stateshow to operate in overcoming the barriers that operate against achieving these goals.
This document provides a synthesis of the research performed by RSE during the reference period of theRealization Programme for the year 2014 PAR 2014 on this subject, financed by the FResearch Fund onthe electric national System (RdS).
The project consists of two main lines of action, which are designed with complementary contributions.The first is devoted to support national energy policies, dealing with technical aspects of interest forpublic institutions and policy makers, both central (the Ministry of Economic Development - MiSE - theRegulator Authority - AEEGSI - etc.) and local (regions, provinces, municipalities). The proposedmeasures are oriented to reduce energy consumption as well as the dissemination of best practices. RSEsupported with technical data also projects promoted by other stakeholders (industrial and other categoryassociations, etc.), to facilitate the implementation of energy and environmental policies and theachievement of the national targets. The second research line proposes the study, research andexperimental verification of efficient technologies, in different sectors (from energy production, energyuses in civil and tertiary sectors, etc.). A particular emphasis is devoted to the development oftechnologies that promote the efficient use of energy produced by renewable sources.

The results are presented in this report according to the following scheme:

• Results of the technical studies, performed to support policy makers in their choices. In thiscontext, we consider, e.g. the analysis of the national housing stock, to identify targets forimprovement of energy efficiency in civil sector (both residential and tertiary), and thedefinition of guidelines for the development of buildings NZEB (Near Zero Energy Buildings);energy district evaluation, the sustainability of smart end-use, evaluation of the environmentalbenefits induced by the energy savings by means of Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), the extent ofpositive impacts on air quality scenarios adopting measures to improve energy efficiency.
•Studies on new technologies and devices, for example for energy production (eg development ofconceptual frameworks that foster the integration of renewables, energy production bymicrobial cells), its efficient use in various sectors, the civil, residential and tertiary sector(studies on geothermal heat pumps, development of components for efficient microturbinesfueled by fossil or renewable energy) and in the industrial sector (new technologies for theproduction of technical gases - oxygen and hydrogen, the study of new types of solid stateLEDs, which allow the increase in efficiency).