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Project SMART CITIES 2015

Smart cities e smart communities

Power System Research

2015-2015

Cristina Cavicchioli

The report summarizes the actions carried out in the field of energy efficiency in smart cities and smart territories. In particular, the studies carried out concerned both the preparation of guidelines for the application of Smartainability®, the original evaluation system developed by RSE for the ex ante evaluations of the efficiency policies in smart cities, and the joint efficiency of heat and power networks

The Project aims to promote the dissemination of energy efficiency in the harmonious development of the territories, in view of a smart management of energy by urban communities. It is a cross-cutting theme, relating to many other research topics, but it acquires a strong strategic value because it both provides a system vision, and promotes technological innovations, services and new business models. The research activities carried out by RSE are focused on issues relating to energy infrastructure and the interactions among them in an integrated management.

RSE has been studying methods and tools for the integrated development of public utility infrastructure in the urban context, with particular reference to electricity and heat infrastructures. RSE wants to contribute to the removal of barriers to the development of local development policies, in order to achieve the growth targets set by the international and national standards, with less use of fossil fuels and the maximum efficiency in the use of resources. The energy efficiency is, in fact, according to EU guidelines, for the next decades, inextricably linked to energy policy issues at international and national level, as confirmed by the European Directive 2012/27 on energy efficiency.

The Directive expresses clearly the path for implementing the Union's energy objectives in the energy efficiency mark: the same legislation suggests that member states also work to overcome the barriers that hinder the achievement of these objectives. This document provides, in summary form, the results of research on the topic of energy efficiency in smart cities and smart communities conducted by RSE in the reference period of the PAR 2015. The project is divided in two main lines of action. The first is an aid to the appraisal of technological development policies to make smart a territory, allowing a quantitative evaluation and ranking.

The report describes the efforts made in the reference period, PAR 2015, aimed to develope guidelines for the use of Smartainability® (a methodology proposed by RSE to combine smartness and sustainability) and its application to real case, in growing complexity. During 2015, RSE performed specific dissemination efforts for the Smartainability® product, to spread it in various authoritative national and international scopes (National Commission Smart Cities, UNECE, EU project SHAR-LMM). The second line of research identified by RSE proposes the study, research and experimental verification of methodologies aimed to the definition of efficient joint management protocols of electric networks and heat efficient technologies.

The study related to the reference period of the PAR 2015 was performed with the strong support and the close relationship with utilities, involved since the early schemes for the identification of effective solutions and sharing goals.